Category Archives: Social

“Sweet little lies: Children’s moral judgment of lying varies with age.” Like No ratings yet.

It wasn’t me!” This is just one of many statements parents are likely to have heard from their child, often in a desperate attempt to escape the blame for a misdeed they are clearly guilty of. But when it comes to truths and lies, do children consider the moral implications? According to a new study, it depends on their age.

Researchers from McGill University in Canada found children’s perceptions of honesty and deceit change as they age, with older children more likely to judge a truth or lie based on how it affects themselves and other people.

Study leader Victoria Talwar, of the Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology at McGill, and team publish their findings in the International Review of Pragmatics.

From a young age, children are often told that telling the truth is good and lying is bad. However, as the authors point out, in reality, it is not so black and white; most of us will be able to think of a time when we have told a lie in order to spare another person’s feelings – often referred to as a “white lie.”

But at what point do children consider the moral consequences of lying? This is what Talwar and team wanted to find out.

“We were interested in gaining a more nuanced picture of children’s perceptions of truth and lies – since not all lies have negative consequences for the other person, and not all truths have positive consequences for someone else,” says Talwar. “We were curious to know at what age children start to understand this.”

‘Tattling’ a concern for older, but not younger children

For their study, the researchers enrolled 100 children aged 6-12 years and showed them a number of videos in which child-like puppets were either lying or telling the truth.

Each video demonstrated a different moral implication of a lie or truth; some videos showed a puppet blaming an innocent person for their own misdeed, for example, while other videos showed an individual lying to protect another person, despite hurting themselves.

Some videos also portrayed the negativities of truth-telling, such as disclosing the wrongdoing of another individual for personal gain – referred to as “tattling.”

After viewing the videos, the researchers asked the children to report whether they felt the characters in each video were honest or deceitful, and whether they should have been rewarded or punished based on the lies or truths they told.

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“Hunger may motivate us more than thirst, fear, or anxiety.” Like No ratings yet.

Human motivation has been studied for decades, primarily in an attempt to answer one question: what drives us to take one action over another? Researchers shed some light in a new study, after finding hunger is a stronger motivational force than thirst, fear, anxiety, and social needs.

Senior author Michael J. Krashes, of the National Institutes of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and colleagues recently published their findings in the journal Neuron.

Put simply, motivation is the reason for acting in a particular way or making a certain choice over another.

In the 1940s, American psychologist Abraham H. Maslow created the “hierarchy of needs” – a set of five “needs” that he believed explained human motivation.

These range from physiological needs – such as food, water, and other requirements for human survival – to self-actualization, the desire for personal growth and success.

Over the years, researchers have either acknowledged, criticized, or amplified Maslow’s theory. With regard to the latter, neurologists have increasingly investigated the role of the human brain in motivation.
Hungry and thirsty mice opted for food over water

According to Krashes and team, most neurological studies of motivation are conducted in tightly controlled conditions and have focused on investigating one motivational state at a time, which has made it difficult to determine if some states are stronger drivers than others and what brain circuits are involved.

With a view to addressing this knowledge gap, the researchers conducted a series of mouse experiments in which they assessed a variety of motivational states, including hunger, fear, anxiety, and social needs.

For the study, the team used optogenetics – a technique that uses light to control cells – to govern nerve cells in the brain known as agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons.

AgRP neurons are situated in the brain’s hypothalamus. They are known to regulate appetite and are crucial for survival.

For one experiment, the researchers either deprived mice of food for 24 hours or activated their AgRP neurons in order to make them hungry. These mice were also deprived of water, making them thirsty. A control group was deprived of water but not food.

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They say there are “66 Ways to Protect Your Privacy Right Now.” Like No ratings yet.

Ah, the joys of the connected life: opportunities to engage with global communities, be educated and entertained, and shop with ease. But these go hand in glove with intrusions from marketers and threats from criminals. The tips here, compiled with input from dozens of security experts, will help you take control. We also have pulled out a shorter list of just seven, super-fast steps you can take right now, in less than 10 minutes. And Julia Angwin, the author of “Dragnet Nation,” shares her quest for privacy and security in the digital age.

You can begin with either list or the essay—and you don’t have to follow every tip, or even most of them. The important thing? Just get started.

In a hurry? Check out the Consumer Reports 10-Minute Digital Privacy Tuneup.

Or you can skip straight to specific advice on: screen locks, snail mail privacy, unbreakable passwords, mobile account safety, connected devices, handling public WiFi, everyday encryption, Facebook settings, home WiFi settings, boosting web browser privacy, beating ransomware, how to avoid phishing schemes, and Google settings.

1. Check Your Data Breach Status
Wondering whether your personal data is for sale on the web? At you can check your email addresses and usernames against lists from 120 known breaches at com-panies including Adobe, LinkedIn, and Snapchat. (You’ll need to register to check the full database.) If your name pops up, change the password for the compromised account and any other site where—tut, tut—you were using the same password. (Bonus tip: Pros pronounce “pwned” as “poned,” not “pawned.”)

2. Stop WiFi Imposters
Laptops, smartphones, and other WiFi-enabled devices can automatically connect to familiar networks. That’s convenient—no one wants to enter a password for their home or work WiFi every day—but it can also be risky. A hacker can set up a rogue WiFi network with the same name as a legitimate one such as “Google Starbucks” or attwifi and trick your gadgets into joining it.

Periodically get a fresh start by using your devices’ network or WiFi settings to prune the networks you join automatically. Most devices let you delete networks one by one, but if you have an iPhone or iPad, you need to go to Reset Network settings under General settings and delete all of them at once.

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“Curiosity about cigarettes, cigars falling among students” 1 No ratings yet.

Fewer middle and high school students in the United States have ever used or are curious about using cigarettes or cigars, according to new research published in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease.

However, the study – conducted by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – identified no change in the percentage of American students who have ever used or are curious about smokeless tobacco.

According to the CDC, smoking remains the leading cause of preventable death in the U.S., accounting for more than 480,000 deaths each year.

There is no doubt that great strides have been made in reducing smoking rates in the U.S.; the number of adults who currently smoke has fallen from 20.9 percent in 2005 to 16.8 percent in 2014.

Still, more needs to be done, and researchers are focused on curbing cigarette use among youth as a way of ending the tobacco epidemic.

In order to do so, investigators first need to get a good idea of the scale of tobacco use among youth and what is driving them to use tobacco products.

Study co-author Alexander Persoskie, of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products, and colleagues aimed to address these factors with their new study.
Four percent fall in ever-use of cigarettes

The team analyzed information from the 2012 and 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey, which provides national data on tobacco use among American students in grades 6-12.

Using this data, the researchers calculated the percentage of students who had ever used or had been curious about using cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco. For 2014 only, the team assessed ever-use of and curiosity about e-cigarettes.

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So what is real Love? 1 5/5 (1)

There are many different personal or professional views about what is real love but I have my own personal conservative views base life traditional relationship experience that may prove useful to others.

Love is first of all faithful. Faithfulness has no cheating or adultery involved. For those who may believe that a one-time cheating or that only one adultery affair with someone is not cheating is wrong. Faithfulness has nothing to do with or is associated with any form of unfaithfulness against a personal companion, girlfriend/boyfriend or spouse. Forgiveness may be in order but once the act has been committed, the persons involved cannot be considered as faithful and their love for their partner is no longer real love but may be an acceptable love relationship.

Kindness is another critical component of real love. Physical or verbal abuse has no place in real love relationship. This is different from being angry and shouting some words that my hurt at the present moment. Any form of physical harm inflicted by one person to another is not love but may just be the start of something very bad and serious to come that may lead to severe physical injury or even death for someone. Men are often guilty of physical harm to their love ones, while I believe many men can testify about verbal abuse from their spouse, girlfriend or companion. Verbal abuse to some may seems to be a natural tendency of women but it is not acceptable as real love behavior. Women will shout at times and say foolish things that they may regret later. But when their behaviors become consistently abusive and verbally rude, then love really disappears from the relationship. Both men and women are to do their very best to avoid the above tendencies that are against real love.

Now honesty is a must in any form of relationship especially between a man and woman. For example, if a man who traveled to Canada on a visit and gets intimately involved with a woman will not lie to his wife when she asks him on his return, it may help them resolved the matter with more ease and dignity. But when he is dishonest and tries to hide it for many months or years, then the matter will no doubt get worse and worse – especially when his wife finds out he has been a liar all along. The same will apply if the wife was unfaithful and lies about it. Now we all know that most of us are not super humans and will fail under temptations because we are weak. But to lie about our unfaithfulness will not make things better. The entire family that may include kids or children can be adversely affected by lies of unfaithfulness and from other situations.

Love is communicable. If you love someone (or is falling in love with someone) but cannot communicate that love, something may be wrong. It may just be a strong like or admiration. This view does not ignore the fact some people will have difficulty expressing their love for someone. But there is a difference between expressing and communicating love. Love can be shown in many different ways so there are many opportunities to show the love in our hearts and mind. If someone is not particularly good at words or saying the right thing, then just saying what is on his/her mind will help as long as it is communicated, kind and honest. It does not make sense to love someone and not say or do something to let that person know. The person may just miss a lifetime opportunity or a potential life-time love-one because of his/her lack of communication to that person. That loss may take many, many years to overcome, from my personal experience. So we must communicate our love and not just stand at a distance and admire someone without doing or saying the right thing on our minds.

Respect is very essential in all love relationships. Some men have a dirty habit (or unfortunate culture up-bringing) in believing that disrespecting his love one is just fine because she will still love him. In some cultures (without calling names) the treatment of women in this manner may be acceptable, but certainly not in the United States where I live and wrote this article. Women in all cultures and from all social, educational and other backgrounds must be respected by their spouse, boyfriend or companion. The same applies for women towards their men. From my experience, some women will have a tendency to believe that because they now own the man, from marriage, for example, they can disrespect him whenever they like and he will remain. In very, very few cases have I seen that in my over 40+ years of life. So respect is a must in all real love relationship. Disrespect each other and the relationship will certainly die.

Compromise is just absolutely necessary. Remember we are talking about men and women relationships. So we will have different needs and wants at times. Women in particular are physically uniquely different from men. Their unique biological changes that take place regularly during each month (under normal life situation and not special cases such as pregnancy) and what I call rainy days, is just one example. Now men, their opposite love ones, must know, understand and remember this if real love is to live-on in the relationship. During the above example, some compromise in the day-to-day life relationship will naturally become necessary. This can be understood within the concept of comprise to achieve a greater fulfilling relationship later. Another example has to do with what each person will want in life. For example, if a love one decides to postpone a marriage commitment to obtain a professional college academic qualification then comprise is necessary. Likewise the same principle will apply in a familiar situation of furnishing a home with different things to suit each person. Often, comprise with male-female understanding is a must if the relationship real love is to be true and ever-lasting. We are uniquely different so we must comprise.

Patience is needed in a real love relationship. For example, I do not understand why some men cannot wait a few years while their love ones achieve a life ambition target or some form of financial start in life before they become anxious and irritable about commitments and submissions to them by their female love ones. The same applies to ladies who cannot wait until their prospective husbands, for example, complete their college education so they can be in a traditionally better position to take care of their wives and children to follow from the relationship. In many and almost all aspect of the relationship, patience or a consistent uncomplaining attitude is needed if the love is to remain real and alive for a lifetime.

Love is also forgiving, compassionate, supportive, responsible, disciplined, listening and loyal among other things. Those who are religious and Christian minded, read 1 Corinthians Chapter 13 verse 1-13 about what the Bible says Charity or Real Love is. So we know or now remember what real love is about. For those who have forgotten, we can remind ourselves. For the young at heart and in love, he/she can remember the above. But I believe each person can also determine real love from their own daily life experience. Nevertheless, the above information and views are true and very useful.


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